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UN Elects Five New Members To Serve On The Security Council


Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab
Emirates (UAE) were elected by the 75thsession of the
General Assembly on Friday to serve as non-permanent members
of the UN Security Council for the 2022-2023
term.

According to the final tally, Ghana
received 185 votes, Gabon 183, UAE 179, Albania 175 and
Brazil 181 votes.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo
(DRC) garnered three votes while Peru and Iran each
collected one.

Joining the others

The Security
Council
is a body of 15 members, five of which are
permanent and have veto power: the United States, France,
Russia and China.

The newly elected five will join
India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway, the other
non-permanent members.

Prior to its successful bid,
the UAE issued a statement promising to be “a constructive
partner” in addressing some of the “critical challenges
of our time”, including promoting gender equality,
countering terrorism and extremism and “harnessing the
potential of innovation for peace”.

UN
Web TV | The UAE Ambassador walks to ballot box during the
election of five non-permanent members to the Security
Council on 11 June 2021.

Breaking
it down

Vacating their seats were Viet Nam, for the
Group of Asia and the Pacific Small Island Developing States
known as the Asia-Pacific Group; Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, for the Latin American and Caribbean Group,
called GRULAC; Estonia, for the Eastern European Group; and
Niger and Tunisia as part of the African Group.

The
candidates ran mostly unopposed within their regions, except
for Gabon and Ghana, which were challenged by the DRC for
the two available seats in the African Group.

The five
new members elected this year will begin their terms on 1
January 2022 and serve until 31 December 2023.

While
Albania is the only State that has never served previously,
Brazil has sat on the Council ten times, Gabon and Ghana
three times each and UAE once.

Path to
service

Before applying, each country must obtain the
votes of two-thirds of the Member States present and voting
at the General Assembly, to secure a seat on the
Council.

Broken down, this translates to a minimum of
129 votes, to win a seat if all 193 UN Member States are
present and voting.

Even if candidates have been
endorsed by their regional group and are running unopposed,
formal balloting is required.

Though unlikely, in the
first round a Member State running unchallenged might not
garner the requisite votes in the Assembly and face a new
challenger in subsequent rounds.

There have,
historically, been several instances in which extended
rounds of voting were required to fill a contested
seat.

Such situations have usually been resolved when
one of the contenders withdraws, or a compromise candidate
is elected.

Exceptionally, countries competing for a
seat have decided to split the term between them. But since
1966, this only happened once, in 2016, when Italy and the
Netherlands agreed to split the 2017-2018 term.

Since
2010, 78 per cent of races for Security Council seats have
been
uncontested.

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